The symbol of a bent over fist had acquired negative perceptions since its use by brutal revolutionaries and dictators. The symbol was quickly adopted also by violent Communist groups, like the ones of the Spanish Civil War. Anti-colonial movements worldwide also began using the symbol of a bent over fist at about the same time the Black Panthers did. After the First World War (from which Russia withdrew in the 1917) and Russian Civil War, the hammer-and-sickle became used more commonly as the symbol for peaceful work in the Soviet Union, as well as international proletarian solidarity.
The hammer and sickle were adopted progressively following the Russian Revolution, first at rallies and by the Red Army, and were adopted as an official symbol of the Soviet Union in 1922. The yellow hammer and sickle was used for the first time during the Russian revolution, but was not adopted as the official symbol of the Soviet Federated Socialist Republic of Russia until 1924. A red star outlined in yellow is one of the symbols, symbols, and signals that represents the Soviet Union under the government and direction of the Communist Party, together with a yellow hammer and sickle. The five-pointed star was also the symbol for Mars, the ancient Roman god of war — so, the star symbolised protection for workers and farmers peaceful work.
During the Second World War, the five-pointed star was used notably as the symbol for Soviet Red Army troops who opposed Nazi Germanys invading forces and eliminated them from eastern Europe, winning an absolute victory and ending the war in the Battle of Berlin. In the Soviet Union, a five-pointed red star symbolised the defense of peacetime labour by the Red Army (again, similar to ancient Rome, where Mars was also a champion of agricultural workers). According to Soviet revolutionary and author Victor Kibalchich, after seizure, the five-pointed star became a major Soviet Russian symbol.
The red banner was used by various types of socialists and anarchists, but after 1917, the red banner came to be known as a Soviet Russian symbol, later becoming the official flag of the Soviet Union. The red flag has been the symbol of communist movements in general, although it is commonly used by anarcho-communists. This interpretation dates to the late eighteenth-century revolutions in France, where red flags first appeared as symbols of rebellion against monarchy. According to the Bolsheviks, the red colour of communist flags represented the blood of people fighting for liberty.
After Marxist-Leninist forces won Russia, the red banner became more closely identified with communist movements, while social-democratic parties frequently sought different symbols. The veteran militiaman Lincolns anti-racism was well-suited to the militant anti-racism of the Black Power movement, whose crossed fists became their symbol. Iran released a poster with a clenched fist symbol a year after its revolution ousted the U.S.-backed leaders in 1979.
Critics of the symbol have noted its origins and its long usage by Communist movements — a history so tense that, until recently, many left-wing protesters had been leery of using the iconic image. The clenched-over symbol has become laden with historical associations – with ambiguous factions fighting on the left in Spains Civil War, the perversions of communism in the Soviet Union, tyranny emerging in post-colonial Africa, The Guardian reported at the time. One poster of the Communist-aligned Partido de la Socialisme Unida de Catalunya (PSUC) in 1936 showed four clenched fists facing the Soviet flag.
The hammer and sickle has become a pan-communist symbol, appearing on flags of most communist parties worldwide. That is if Communists are allowed to even use the hammer and sickle nowadays — sometimes it is banned entirely. The hammer and sickle is easy to identify, and this kind of brand recognition takes years to develop, and is not something to be ignored; it is, however, just one symbol amongst many we must employ in order to communicate our messages.
Some parties have a modified version of the hammer and sickle as a symbol, notably the Workers Party of Korea, which includes the hammer representing industrial workers, a hoe representing farm workers, and the brush (traditional writing tool) representing intelligentsia. The hammer and sickle stand for workers and farmers, respectively, while the star symbolises the final objective of a comprehensive Communist victory.